Passive Voice of Past Modals With Excercise

पिछले पोस्ट में मैंने passive voice of modals auxilaries (shall, will, can, could, may, might, should, would, must, ought to, used to etc.) के बारे में बताया था। इस पोस्ट में passive voice of past modals के बारे में बताऊंगा।

passive voice of past modals

Active Voice of Past Modals with Structure ( in english & hindi)

Modal : Could

कर्ता + कर्म + धातु + सकता था/सकती थी/सकते थे 
 वह  आम  खा सकता था। 
 तुम  पत्र  लिख सकते थे  
Subject + could have  + V3 + object
 I  could have   eaten   a mango.
You  could have  writtten   a letter.

Modal : May/Might

 कर्ता + कर्म + शायद

+ धातु + आ + सकता था/सकती थी/सकते थे

 वह  तुम्हें  शायद  पढ़ा सकती थी। 
वह  उस दिन    शायद लिख सकता था। 
Subject + may have/might have + V + object
 She  may have/might have  taught   you.
 He  may have/might have  written   that day.

Modal : Should/Ought to

 कर्ता + कर्म + धातु + ना/नी + चाहिए + था
 मुझे  पत्र  लिखना चाहिए था। 
 हमें  अपने माता-पिता का  कहना मानना चाहिए था। 
Subject + should have/ought to have + V + object
 I  should have  writtten   a   letter.
 We  ought to have   obeyed  our   parents.

Modal : Must

कर्ता + कर्म + अवश्य/जरूर + धातु + ना + चाहिए + था
 मुझे  तुम्हें  जरूर पीटना चाहिए था। 
तुम्हें सेब जरूर खाना चाहिए था। 
 Subject + must have + V + object
 I  must have  beaten   you.
 You  must have  eaten   an apple.

Passive Voice of Past Modals with Structure (in hindi & english)

Modal : Could

 कर्ता + कर्म द्वारा + धातु + आ + जा सकता था 
 आम  उसके द्वारा  खाया जा सकता था। 
 पत्र  तुम्हारे द्वारा  लिखा जा सकता था। 
Subject + could have been + V + by + object
 A   mango  could have been  eaten  by him.
 A letter  could have been  written  by you.

Modal : May/Might

 कर्ता + कर्म द्वारा + शायद + धातु + आ/ई + जा सकता था/सकती थी
 तुम्हें  उसके   द्वारा  शायद  पढ़ाया जा सकता था। 
 उस दिन  उसके   द्वारा  शायद  लिखा जा सकता था। 
 Subject + may have been/might have been + V + by + object
 You  may have been/might have been  taught  by her.
 That day  may have been/might have been  written   by him.

Modal : Should/Ought to

 कर्ता + कर्म द्वारा + धातु + आ + जाना चाहिए था
 पत्र  मेरे द्वारा  लिखा जाना चाहिए था। 
 अपने माता-पिता   का कहना  हमारे   द्वारा  माना जाना चाहिए था। 
 Subject + should have been/ought to have been + V + by + object
 A letter  should have been  written  by me.
 Our   parents  ought to have been  obeyed  by us.

Modal : Must

 कर्ता + कर्म द्वारा +  जरूर + धातु + आ+ जाना चाहिए था
 तुम्हें  मेरे द्वारा  जरूर  पीटा जाना चाहिए था। 
 सेब  तुम्हारे   द्वारा  जरूर  खाया जाना चाहिए था। 
 Subject + must have been + V + by + object
 You  must have been  beaten  by me.
 An apple  must have been  eaten  by you.

Active and Pasive Voice of Past Modals (may, might, could, should, ought to, must, would)

 Active pattern of Modals Passive pattern of Modals
 Subject + may/might/could/should/ought to/must/would/will/shall + have + V3 + Object  Subject + may/might/could/should/ought to/must/would/will/shall + have been + V3 + by + Object

Passive Voice of Past Modals (e.g. may, might, could, should, must, etc.)

Active Voices Passive Voices
May have May have been
She may have sung a song. A song may have been sung by her.
She may not have sung a song. A song may not have been sung by her.
May she have sung a song ? May a song have been sung by her ?
Might have Might have been
He might have beaten you. You might have been beaten by him.
He might not have beaten you. You might not have been beaten by him.
Might he have beaten you ? Might you have been beaten by him ?
Could have Could have been
He could have done this work. This work could have been done by him.
He could not have done this work. This work could not have been done by him.
Could he have done this work ? Could this work have been done by him ?
Should have Should have been
We should have helped the poor. The poor should have been helped.
We should not have helped the poor. The poor should not have been helped.
Should we have helped the poor ? Should the poor have been helped ?
Ought to have  Ought to have been
You ought to have respected the priest. The priest ought to have been respected.
You ought not to have respected the priest. The priest ought not to have been respected.
Must have  Must have been
You must have helped her. She must have been helped by you.
You must not have helped her. She must not have been helped by you.
Must you have helped her ? Must she have been helped by you ?

Excercise :

Change the following sentences into passive voice :

  1. You should have helped him.
  2. I shall have done the work.
  3. They must have killed the bird.
  4. He should not have neglected his wife.
  5. He might have seen a tiger.
  6. They may have known the fact.
  7. You might have hurt his feelings.
  8. No one could possibly have known the fact.
  9. They ought to have respected the priest.
  10. The little child could not have done all this damage.

All Post of Active & Passive Voice

उम्मीद करता हूँ कि आपके के लिए यह पोस्ट helpful रहा होगा। Active and Passive voice of past Modals से संबंधित कोई भी question हो तो आप नीचे comment box में पूछ सकते है।

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